Today is the 323rd day of 2016 and the 58th day of autumn.
TODAY'S HISTORY: In 1883, American and Canadian railroads instituted five standard continental time zones.
In 1928, the first cartoon with sound, Walt Disney's "Steamboat Willie," premiered.
In 1963, the first push-button telephones were test-marketed in Carnegie and Greensburg, Pennsylvania.
In 1966, the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops eliminated the rule against eating meat on Fridays.
In 1985, the comic strip "Calvin and Hobbes" made its first newspaper appearance.
TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS: Louis Daguerre (1787-1851), inventor; George Gallup (1901-1984), pollster; Klaus Mann (1906-1949), publicist/dramatist; Johnny Mercer (1909-1976), lyricist; Alan Shepard (1923-1998), astronaut; Margaret Atwood (1939- ), writer; Alan Dean Foster (1946- ), author; Alan Moore (1953- ), author; Elizabeth Perkins (1960- ), actress; Owen Wilson (1968- ), actor; Chloe Sevigny (1974- ), actress; David Ortiz (1975- ), baseball player; Denny Hamlin (1980- ), race car driver.
TODAY'S FACT: The average American consumes 54 pounds of beef and 90 pounds of chicken every year.
TODAY'S SPORTS: In 1985, New York Giants linebacker Lawrence Taylor sacked Washington Redskins quarterback Joe Theismann during a Monday Night Football game. Theissman suffered a compound fracture of the tibia and fibula in his right leg on the play, an injury that resulted in his retirement from football.
TODAY'S QUOTE: "The fact that every part of this ship was built by the low bidder." -- Alan Shephard, when asked what was on his mind as he sat inside the Mercury-Redstone rocket
TODAY'S NUMBER: 4 -- number of major league no-hitters pitched by Sandy Koufax during his career. Koufax, who retired on this day in 1966, is second only to Nolan Ryan (seven) on the all-time no-hitters list.
TODAY'S MOON: Between full moon (Nov. 14) and last quarter moon (Nov. 21).