Today is the 306th day of 2016 and the 41st day of autumn.
TODAY'S HISTORY: In 1512, the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel was exhibited to the public for the first time.
In 1800, John Adams became the first president to reside in the newly constructed "President's House" (later named the White House).
In 1848, the Boston Female Medical School, the first medical school for women, opened.
In 1870, the Weather Bureau (later renamed the National Weather Service) made its first meteorological forecast.
In 1993, the Maastricht Treaty went into effect, formally establishing the European Union.
TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS: Stephen Crane (1871-1900), writer; James Kilpatrick (1920-2010), journalist; Gary Player (1935- ), golfer; Lyle Lovett (1957- ), singer-songwriter; Tim Cook (1960- ), business executive; Anthony Kiedis (1962- ), singer-songwriter; Toni Collette (1972- ), actress; Jenny McCarthy (1972- ), actress; Logan Marshall-Green (1976- ), actor; Penn Badgley (1986- ), actor.
TODAY'S FACT: John Adams was the only president elected as a member of the Federalist Party.
TODAY'S SPORTS: In 1959, NHL goalie Jacques Plante of the Montreal Canadiens suffered a broken nose while blocking a shot and was taken to the locker room for stitches. He returned to the game wearing the first goalie facemask, a homemade fiberglass mask of his own design.
TODAY'S QUOTE: "A man said to the universe: / 'Sir I exist!' / 'However,' replied the universe, / 'The fact has not created in me / A sense of obligation.'" -- Stephen Crane, "War Is Kind and Other Lines"
TODAY'S NUMBER: 36.7 -- percentage of American physicians and surgeons who are women.
TODAY'S MOON: Between new moon (Oct. 30) and first quarter moon (Nov. 7).