Today is the 303rd day of 2016 and the 38th day of autumn.
TODAY'S HISTORY: In 1929, the New York Stock Exchange crashed in what came to be called "Black Tuesday," beginning the Great Depression.
In 1966, the newly formed National Organization for Women held its first national conference.
In 1969, the first connection on ARPANET (the precursor to the internet) was made between computers at UCLA and Stanford Research Institute.
In 2004, European leaders signed the first constitution of the European Union.
TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS: Fanny Brice (1891-1951), singer/comedian; Bill Mauldin (1921-2003), cartoonist; Ellen Johnson Sirleaf (1938- ), Liberian president; Bob Ross (1942-1995), painter/instructor; Richard Dreyfuss (1947- ), actor; Lee Child (1954- ), author; Dan Castellaneta (1957- ), actor; David Remnick (1958- ), journalist/editor; Joely Fisher (1967- ), actress; Winona Ryder (1971- ), actress; Gabrielle Union (1972- ), actress; Ben Foster (1980- ), actor; Andy Dalton (1987- ), football player; India Eisley (1993- ), actress.
TODAY'S FACT: Liberian President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf is Africa's first female elected head of state.
TODAY'S SPORTS: In 1960, Cassius Clay (later known as Muhammad Ali) made his professional boxing debut, winning a six-round decision over Tunney Hunsaker.
TODAY'S QUOTE: "He had learned a long time ago that some things were worth being afraid of. And some things were not. Things that he had done before and survived did not justify fear." -- Lee Child, "Die Trying"
TODAY'S NUMBER: 77 -- age of astronaut John Glenn when the space shuttle Discovery launched on this day in 1998, making Glenn the oldest person ever to travel in space.
TODAY'S MOON: Between last quarter moon (Oct. 22) and new moon (Oct. 30).