Today is the 283rd day of 2016 and the 18th day of autumn.
TODAY'S HISTORY: In 1635, Rhode Island founder Roger Williams was banished from Massachusetts Bay Colony as a religious dissident.
In 1888, the Washington Monument opened to the general public.
In 1967, guerrilla leader Ernesto "Che" Guevara was executed for attempting to lead revolutionaries in Bolivia.
In 1986, the musical "The Phantom of the Opera" opened in London's West End.
In 2006, North Korea claimed it had performed its first nuclear test.
TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS: Alastair Sim (1900-1976), actor; John Lennon (1940-1980), singer-songwriter; Jackson Browne (1948- ), singer-songwriter; Tony Shalhoub (1953- ), actor; Scott Bakula (1954- ), actor; Mike Singletary (1958- ), football player; Guillermo del Toro (1964- ), director; David Cameron (1966- ), British prime minister; Annika Sorenstam (1970- ), golfer; Brandon Routh (1979- ), actor; Scotty McCreery (1993- ), singer.
TODAY'S FACT: Andrew Lloyd Webber's "The Phantom of the Opera" is the longest-running show in the history of Broadway, with 11,918 performances as of mid-September 2016.
TODAY'S SPORTS: In 1915, Woodrow Wilson became the first sitting president to attend a World Series game.
TODAY'S QUOTE: " I'm cynical about society, politics, newspapers, government. But I'm not cynical about life, love, goodness, death. That's why I really don't want to be labeled a cynic." -- John Lennon
TODAY'S NUMBER: 36,491 -- marble bricks used to build the Washington Monument.
TODAY'S MOON: Between first quarter moon (Oct. 8) and full moon (Oct. 15).