Today is the 252nd day of 2016 and the 81st day of summer.
TODAY'S HISTORY: In 1664, New Amsterdam became New York as the Dutch surrendered Manhattan and surrounding land to the British.
In 1900, Galveston, Texas, was struck by a massive hurricane.
In 1966, the "Star Trek" TV series premiered on NBC.
In 1974, President Gerald Ford pardoned former president Richard Nixon for any crimes he might have committed in office.
TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS: Claude Pepper (1900-1989), U.S. senator; Sid Caesar (1922-2014), comedian/actor; Grace Metalious (1924-1964), author; Peter Sellers (1925-1980), comedian/actor; Patsy Cline (1932-1963), singer-songwriter; Aimee Mann (1960- ), singer-songwriter; Martin Freeman (1971- ), actor; Pink (1979- ), singer-songwriter; Wiz Khalifa (1987- ), rapper; Avicii (1989- ), DJ/record producer.
TODAY'S FACT: More than 8,000 people are estimated to have died in the 1900 Galveston hurricane, making it the deadliest natural disaster in American history.
TODAY'S SPORTS: In 1998, Mark McGwire of the St. Louis Cardinals hit his 62nd home run of the season, breaking the record held by Roger Maris since 1961. In January 2010, McGwire admitted that he used steroids during the 1998 season.
TODAY'S QUOTE: "The public loves to create a hero ... Sometimes I think they do it for the sheer joy of knocking him down from the highest peak. Like a child who builds a house of blocks and then destroys it with one vicious kick." -- Grace Metalious, "Peyton Place"
TODAY'S NUMBER: 79 -- episodes of the original "Star Trek" series broadcast on NBC until its cancellation in 1969. (The original pilot, titled "The Cage," was not aired.) The franchise has since produced 13 films and five spinoff television series totaling more than 700 episodes.
TODAY'S MOON: Between new moon (Sept. 1) and first quarter moon (Sept. 9).