Today is the 236th day of 2016 and the 65th day of summer.
TODAY'S HISTORY: In 1305, Scottish leader William Wallace was executed in London.
In 1939, Germany's Adolf Hitler and the Soviet Union's Joseph Stalin signed a nonaggression pact.
In 1942, the Battle of Stalingrad began as Nazi and Soviet troops fought for control of the city.
In 1966, the Lunar Orbiter 1 spacecraft transmitted the first photo of Earth from orbit around the moon.
In 1999, the first cases of West Nile virus in the Western Hemisphere were reported in New York City.
TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS: William Ernest Henley (1849-1903), poet; Edgar Lee Masters (1868-1950), author; Ernie Bushmiller (1905-1982), cartoonist; Gene Kelly (1912-1996), actor/dancer; Vera Miles (1929- ), actress; Barbara Eden (1931- ), actress; Shelley Long (1949- ), actress; Rick Springfield (1949- ), singer/musician; Jay Mohr (1970- ), actor/comedian; River Phoenix (1970-1993), actor; Ray Park (1974- ), actor/stuntman; Kobe Bryant (1978- ), basketball player; Jeremy Lin (1988- ), basketball player.
TODAY'S FACT: In 2000, the first "Survivor" season finale aired. Corporate trainer Richard Hatch won the $1 million prize.
TODAY'S SPORTS: In 1969, Taiwan won its first Little League World Series. The nation went on to win nine more titles in the next 12 years.
TODAY'S QUOTE: "Reckless of my mortality, / Strengthen me to behold a face, / To know the spirit of a beloved one / Yet to endure, yet to dare!" -- Edgar Lee Masters, "Inexorable Deities"
TODAY'S NUMBER: 22 -- listings with the surname Hitler in the New York City phone book prior to World War II. None were listed there when the war ended.
TODAY'S MOON: Between full moon (Aug. 18) and last quarter moon (Aug. 24).