Today is the 178th day of 2016 and the seventh day of summer.
TODAY'S HISTORY: In 1870, the U.S. Congress recognized Christmas as a federal holiday.
In 1945, the United Nations charter was signed by 50 nations.
In 1963, John F. Kennedy gave a speech while visiting West Berlin, declaring "Ich bin ein Berliner" ("I am a Berliner").
In 2000, scientists announced the completion of a basic structural map of the human genome.
TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS: William Thomson, Baron Kelvin (1824-1907), physicist; Pearl S. Buck (1892-1973), author; Peter Lorre (1904-1964), actor; Babe Didrikson Zaharias (1911-1956), athlete/golfer; Milton Glaser (1929- ), graphic designer; Greg LeMond (1961- ), cyclist; Sean Hayes (1970- ), actor; Nick Offerman (1970- ), actor; Gretchen Wilson (1973- ), singer; Derek Jeter (1974- ), baseball player; Ryan Tedder (1979- ), singer-songwriter; Jason Schwartzman (1980- ), actor; Aubrey Plaza (1984- ), actress.
TODAY'S FACT: The United Nations currently has 193 member states. The newest member, South Sudan, joined in 2011.
TODAY'S SPORTS: In 1944, a "tri-cornered" exhibition baseball game featured the New York-based Yankees, Dodgers and Giants. In nine innings of play, each team batted for 18 outs, played defense for 18 outs, and watched for 18 outs. The Dodgers won the game with five runs, the Yankees scored one run and the Giants were shut out.
TODAY'S QUOTE: "The creative instinct is, in its final analysis and in its simplest terms, an enormous extra vitality, a super-energy, born inexplicably in an individual, a vitality great beyond all the needs of his own living -- an energy which no single life can consume." -- Pearl S. Buck, "The Chinese Novel"
TODAY'S NUMBER: $0 -- amount graphic designer Milton Glaser charged the New York state tourism board for designing the "I (heart) New York" logo in 1977.
TODAY'S MOON: Between full moon (June 20) and last quarter moon (June 27).