Today is the 317th day of 2015 and the 52nd day of autumn.
TODAY'S HISTORY: In 1956, the Supreme Court ruled that bus segregation in Alabama was illegal.
In 1970, the Bhola cyclone in Bangladesh killed an estimated 500,000 people.
In 1982, the Vietnam Veterans Memorial was dedicated in Washington, D.C.
In 2001, President George W. Bush signed an executive order allowing military tribunals for suspected terrorists.
TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS: Robert Louis Stevenson (1850-1894), writer; Louis Brandeis (1856-1941), U.S. Supreme Court justice; Buck O'Neil (1911-2006), baseball player; Jack Elam (1920-2003), actor; Garry Marshall (1934- ), filmmaker; Joe Mantegna (1947- ), actor; Whoopi Goldberg (1955- ), actress/talk show host; Jimmy Kimmel (1967- ), comedian/TV host; Steve Zahn (1967- ), actor; Gerard Butler (1969- ), actor.
TODAY'S FACT: The Guantanamo Bay Naval Base in Cuba was established in 1903, when a stipulation in the Cuban-American Treaty designated the Guantanamo Bay area to be perpetually leased to the United States.
TODAY'S SPORTS: In 1985, Lynette Woodard made her debut as the first female member of the Harlem Globetrotters.
TODAY'S QUOTE: "Books are good enough in their own way, but they are a mighty bloodless substitute for life." -- Robert Louis Stevenson
TODAY'S NUMBER: 7,466 -- Broadway performances of Disney's "The Lion King" since its debut on this day in 1997, making the musical the fourth-longest-running show in Broadway history (as of Oct. 25, 2015).
TODAY'S MOON: Between new moon (Nov. 11) and first quarter moon (Nov. 18).