Today is the 313th day of 2015 and the 48th day of autumn.
TODAY'S HISTORY: In 1906, Theodore Roosevelt visited the Panama Canal, becoming the first sitting president to make an official trip outside of the United States.
In 1938, the Nazis launched a national pogrom, later dubbed "Kristallnacht," against Jewish people in Germany and Austria.
In 1965, a massive blackout left much of the northeastern United States and Ontario, Canada, without power.
In 1989, the wall separating West Berlin from East Berlin and the rest of East Germany was opened.
TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS: Benjamin Banneker (1731-1806), astronomer; Elijah P. Lovejoy (1802-1837), abolitionist; Hedy Lamarr (1914-2000), actress; Spiro Agnew (1918-1996), U.S. vice president; Anne Sexton (1928-1974), poet; Carl Sagan (1934-1996), astronomer/writer; Chris Jericho (1970- ), professional wrestler/actor; Susan Tedeschi (1970- ), singer-songwriter; Eric Dane (1972- ), actor; Nick Lachey (1973- ), singer-songwriter.
TODAY'S FACT: The 1965 power grid blackout left an area of 80,000 square miles, and at least 30 million people, without power.
TODAY'S SPORTS: In 1961, the Professional Golfers Association of America eliminated its rule limiting membership to Caucasians.
TODAY'S QUOTE: "Writing is perhaps the greatest of human inventions, binding together people who never knew each other, citizens of distant epochs. Books break the shackles of time. A book is proof that humans are capable of working magic." -- Carl Sagan
TODAY'S NUMBER: $1.03 billion -- amount 37 brokerage houses were ordered by a U.S. federal judge to pay on this day in 1998 in compensation to NASDAQ investors as punishment for price-fixing.
TODAY'S MOON: Between last quarter moon (Nov. 3) and new moon (Nov. 11).