Today is the 312th day of 2015 and the 47th day of autumn.
TODAY'S HISTORY: In 1895, physicist Wilhelm Roentgen discovered X-rays.
In 1960, John F. Kennedy was elected president of the United States, defeating Richard Nixon.
In 2002, the U.N. Security Council unanimously voted to give Iraq a "final opportunity" to disarm.
In 2004, U.S. and Iraqi troops launched a successful siege of the city of Fallujah, an insurgent stronghold.
TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS: Edmond Halley (1656-1742), astronomer/mathematician; Bram Stoker (1847-1912), author; Margaret Mitchell (1900-1949), author; Christiaan Barnard (1922-2001), surgeon; Bonnie Raitt (1949- ), musician; Kazuo Ishiguro (1954- ), author; Michael Nyqvist (1960- ), actor; Gordon Ramsay, (1966- ), chef; Parker Posey (1968- ), actress; David Muir (1973- ), TV journalist; Tara Reid (1975- ), actress; Bucky Covington (1977- ), singer; Jessica Lowndes (1988- ), actress.
TODAY'S FACT: The synthetic element roentgenium (atomic number 111) was named after Wilhelm Roentgen. It currently has no known uses.
TODAY'S SPORTS: In 1966, Frank Robinson of the American League's Baltimore Orioles became the first person to win MVP honors from both baseball leagues. He had been named MVP in the National League in 1961 with the Cincinnati Reds.
TODAY'S QUOTE: "Burdens are for shoulders strong enough to carry them." -- Margaret Mitchell, "Gone With the Wind"
TODAY'S NUMBER: 43 -- age of John F. Kennedy when he won the 1960 presidential election, making him the youngest elected president in U.S. history.
TODAY'S MOON: Between last quarter moon (Nov. 3) and new moon (Nov. 11).