Today is the 304th day of 2015 and the 39th day of autumn.
TODAY'S HISTORY: In 1517, Martin Luther nailed his "Ninety-Five Theses" on the door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg, Germany, in protest of the selling of papal indulgences.
In 1926, magician Harry Houdini died of complications from a ruptured appendix.
In 1941, the Mount Rushmore National Memorial in Keystone, South Dakota, was declared complete.
In 1957, Toyota Motor Sales, U.S.A., Inc., established its first American headquarters in Hollywood, California.
In 1984, Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi was assassinated by two bodyguards.
TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS: John Keats (1795-1821), poet; Juliette Gordon Low (1860-1927), Girl Scouts founder; Chiang Kai-shek (1887-1975), statesman; Dale Evans (1912-2001), actress/singer-songwriter; Dan Rather (1931- ), TV journalist; Michael Landon (1936-1991), actor; John Candy (1950-1994), actor; Jane Pauley (1950- ), TV journalist; Peter Jackson (1961- ), filmmaker; Dermot Mulroney (1963- ), actor; Vanilla Ice (1967- ), rapper; Piper Perabo (1976- ), actress; Willow Smith (2000- ), actress/singer.
TODAY'S FACT: Japanese automaker Toyota began locating some manufacturing operations in the United States in 1972.
TODAY'S SPORTS: In 1950, Earl Lloyd became the first African-American to play in an NBA game.
TODAY'S QUOTE: " Many have original Minds who do not think it -- they are led away by Custom. Now it appears to me that almost any Man may like the Spider spin from his own inwards his own airy Citadel." -- John Keats
TODAY'S NUMBER: 4 -- years after Martin Luther's posting of the "Ninety-Five Theses" that he was formally excommunicated from the Catholic Church.
TODAY'S MOON: Between full moon (Oct. 27) and last quarter moon (Nov. 3).