Today is the 294th day of 2015 and the 29th day of autumn.
TODAY'S HISTORY: In 1879, Thomas Edison successfully tested an electric lightbulb.
In 1892, the original "Pledge of Allegiance" was recited by an estimated 12 million schoolchildren across the United States in honor of the 400th anniversary of Columbus' voyage to the New World.
In 1959, the Guggenheim Museum opened in New York City.
In 1967, more than 35,000 anti-war protesters stormed the Pentagon, resulting in nearly 700 arrests.
TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS: Samuel Taylor Coleridge (1772-1834), poet/essayist; Alfred Nobel (1833-1896), inventor/arms manufacturer; Dizzy Gillespie (1917-1993), jazz musician; Celia Cruz (1924-2003), singer; Whitey Ford (1928- ), baseball player; Ursula K. Le Guin (1929- ), author; Judy Sheindlin (1942- ), judge/TV personality; Benjamin Netanyahu (1949- ), Israeli politician; Carrie Fisher (1956- ), actress/writer; Ken Watanabe (1959- ), actor.
TODAY'S FACT: Of the seven fundamental units of measure in the International System, only the kilogram is defined by a specific physical object. It is the mass of a platinum-iridium cylinder kept by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures in France.
TODAY'S SPORTS: In 1975, Red Sox catcher Carlton Fisk hit a home run that glanced off the foul pole at Fenway Park in Boston, giving the Red Sox a 12th-inning victory over the Cincinnati Reds in Game 6 of the World Series.
TODAY'S QUOTE: "If men could learn from history, what lessons it might teach us! But passion and party blind our eyes, and the light which experience gives is a lantern on the stern, which shines only on the waves behind us!" -- Samuel Taylor Coleridge
TODAY'S NUMBER: 13.5 -- hours Thomas Edison's first prototype electric incandescent light bulb lasted before burning out.
TODAY'S MOON: Between first quarter moon (Oct. 20) and full moon (Oct. 27).