Today is the 290th day of 2015 and the 25th day of autumn.
TODAY'S HISTORY: In 1931, Al Capone was convicted of income tax evasion and sentenced to 11 years in prison.
In 1933, German refugee Albert Einstein immigrated to the United States, where he would live and work for the rest of his life.
In 1989, a 7.1-magnitude earthquake struck Northern California, killing more than 60 people.
In 2006, the U.S. population topped 300 million for the first time.
TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS: Jean Arthur (1900-1991), actress; Jerry Siegel (1914-1996), writer/illustrator; Arthur Miller (1915-2005), playwright/novelist; Rita Hayworth (1918-1987), actress; Beverly Garland (1926-2008), actress; Evel Knievel (1938-2007), stunt performer; Michael McKean (1947- ), actor; Mae Jemison (1956- ), scientist/astronaut; Mike Judge (1962- ), animator/writer/director; Ziggy Marley (1968- ), singer-songwriter; Ernie Els (1969- ), golfer; Wyclef Jean (1969- ), rapper/producer; Eminem (1972- ), rapper; Felicity Jones (1983- ), actress.
TODAY'S FACT: In 1952, Albert Einstein was offered the post of Israeli president, which he politely declined.
TODAY'S SPORTS: In 1968, American Olympic sprinters Tommie Smith and John Carlos were forced to return their medals for raising their fists in protest against racial discrimination during the victory ceremony.
TODAY'S QUOTE: "Some people say they feel very small when they think about space. I felt more expansive, very connected to the universe." -- Mae Jemison
TODAY'S NUMBER: 4 -- performances in 1944 of Arthur Miller's first play, "The Man Who Had All the Luck," before it closed to poor reviews.
TODAY'S MOON: Between new moon (Oct. 12) and first quarter moon (Oct. 20).