Today is the 287th day of 2015 and the 22nd day of autumn.
TODAY'S HISTORY: In 1912, Theodore Roosevelt was shot in the chest and went on to deliver a campaign speech in Milwaukee.
In 1926, A.A. Milne's "Winnie-the-Pooh" was published.
In 1962, a U.S. reconnaissance plane photographed Soviet missile sites on the island of Cuba, setting off the Cuban Missile Crisis.
In 1964, Martin Luther King Jr. was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his civil rights leadership.
In 1994, Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for the Oslo accords.
TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS: Dwight D. Eisenhower (1890-1969), U.S. president/general; Lillian Gish (1893-1993), actress; e.e. cummings (1894-1962), poet; C. Everett Koop (1916-2013), U.S. surgeon general; Roger Moore (1927- ), actor; Ralph Lauren (1939- ), fashion designer; Joe Girardi (1964- ), baseball player/manager; Natalie Maines (1974- ), singer-songwriter; Usher (1978- ), singer-songwriter; Mia Wasikowska (1989- ), actress.
TODAY'S FACT: Eight Major League Baseball teams have never won a World Series: the Colorado Rockies, Houston Astros, Milwaukee Brewers, San Diego Padres, Seattle Mariners, Tampa Bay Rays, Texas Rangers and Washington Nationals.
TODAY'S SPORTS: In 1908, the Chicago Cubs defeated the Detroit Tigers 2-0 to win their second consecutive World Series. The Cubs have not won a World Series since.
TODAY'S QUOTE: "The general limits of your freedom are merely these: that you do not trespass upon the equal rights of others." -- Dwight D. Eisenhower
TODAY'S NUMBER: 119,431 -- altitude (in feet) of Felix Baumgartner's record-setting vertical skydiving free fall during the Red Bull Stratos project, on this day in 2012. Baumgartner reached a maximum speed of 843.6 mph during his descent.
TODAY'S MOON: Between new moon (Oct. 12) and first quarter moon (Oct. 20).