Today is the 278th day of 2015 and the 13th day of autumn.
TODAY'S HISTORY: In 1877, Chief Joseph and the Nez Perce tribe surrendered to U.S. Cavalry troops after a 1,700-mile retreat.
In 1947, President Harry Truman delivered the first address to be televised from the White House.
In 1969, "Monty Python's Flying Circus" debuted on the BBC.
In 1970, the Public Broadcasting Service was founded.
In 2005, the U.S. Senate voted 90-9 to prohibit the use of "cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment" on detainees.
TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS: Jonathan Edwards (1703-1758), theologian/evangelist; Chester A. Arthur (1829-1886), 21st U.S. president; Louis Lumiere (1864-1948), inventor/filmmaker; Ray Kroc (1902-1984), founder of McDonald's Corp.; Bil Keane (1922-2011), cartoonist; Vaclav Havel (1936-2011), playwright/Czech president; Steve Miller (1943- ), musician; Bernie Mac (1957-2008), comedian/actor; Mario Lemieux (1965- ), hockey player; Guy Pearce (1967- ), actor; Kate Winslet (1975- ), actress; Jesse Eisenberg (1983- ), actor.
TODAY'S FACT: In the first televised White House address (on this day in 1947), President Truman asked the American people to stop eating meat on Tuesdays and poultry on Thursdays to help relieve food shortages in Europe.
TODAY'S SPORTS: In 2001, Barry Bonds set a new single-season home run record with his 71st and 72nd home runs.
TODAY'S QUOTE: "I'm not a star, and I don't want to be a star. Stars fall. I'm an ordinary guy with an extraordinary job." -- Bernie Mac
TODAY'S NUMBER: 1.9 million -- McDonald's employees worldwide in 2015.
TODAY'S MOON: Between last quarter moon (Oct. 4) and new moon (Oct. 12).