Today is the 199th day of 2015 and the 28th day of summer.
In 1936, Spanish army officials revolted, led by Gen. Francisco Franco, starting the Spanish Civil War.
TODAY'S HISTORY: In 1863, Union troops led by Col. Robert Gould Shaw and the African-American soldiers in the 54th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry attacked Fort Wagner in South Carolina.
In 1947, President Harry S. Truman signed the second Presidential Succession Act, designating the speaker of the House and the president pro tempore of the Senate as next in line after the vice president.
In 1968, Intel Corp. was founded in Mountain View, California.
TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS: Red Skelton (1913-1997), actor/comedian; Nelson Mandela (1918-2013), South African president; John Glenn (1921- ), astronaut/U.S. senator; Hunter S. Thompson (1937-2005), journalist; James Brolin (1940- ), actor; Joe Torre (1940- ), baseball player/manager; Steve Forbes (1947- ), publisher; Richard Branson (1950- ), entrepreneur; Vin Diesel (1967- ), actor; Kristen Bell (1980- ), actress.
TODAY'S FACT: The government of Detroit filed the largest municipal bankruptcy in U.S. history, estimated at $18-20 billion, on this day in 2013.
TODAY'S SPORTS: In 1976, Nadia Comaneci of Romania became the first female gymnast to be awarded a perfect 10 score in an Olympic gymnastics event.
TODAY'S QUOTE: "I am fundamentally an optimist ... Part of being optimistic is keeping one's head pointed toward the sun, one's feet moving forward. There were many dark moments when my faith in humanity was sorely tested, but I would not and could not give myself up to despair. That way lays defeat and death." -- Nelson Mandela
TODAY'S NUMBER: 180,000 -- African-American men who served as soldiers in the U.S. Army during the Civil War. Roughly half were former slaves from Confederate states.
TODAY'S MOON: Between new moon (July 15) and first quarter moon (July 23).