Today is the 191st day of 2015 and the 20th day of summer.
TODAY'S HISTORY: In 1821, the United States took possession of Florida, which it had purchased from Spain.
In 1890, Wyoming was admitted as the 44th state.
In 1940, Nazi forces began an air attack on southern Britain that would last 114 days and become known as the Battle of Britain.
In 1962, AT&T (in conjunction with NASA) launched the first privately owned satellite, Telstar 1.
In 1991, Boris Yeltsin took office as the first popularly elected president in Russia's history.
TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS: John Calvin (1509-1564), theologian/reformer; Nikola Tesla (1856-1943), physicist/engineer; Marcel Proust (1871-1922), author/critic; Carl Orff (1895-1982), composer; David Brinkley (1920-2003), TV journalist; Alice Munro (1931- ), author; Arthur Ashe (1943-1993), tennis player; Arlo Guthrie (1947- ), singer-songwriter; Urban Meyer (1964- ), football coach; Sofia Vergara (1972- ), actress; Adrian Grenier (1976- ), actor; Chiwetel Ejiofor (1977- ), actor; Jessica Simpson (1980- ), actress/singer.
TODAY'S FACT: The Special Olympics are held in more than 170 countries, with more than 4 million athletes in participation. Eunice Kennedy Shriver, co-founder of the Special Olympics, was born on this day in 1921.
TODAY'S SPORTS: In 1999, the U.S. soccer team defeated China 5-4 to win the Women's World Cup in Pasadena, California.
TODAY'S QUOTE: "We don't receive wisdom; we must discover it for ourselves after a journey that no one can take for us or spare us." -- Marcel Proust
TODAY'S NUMBER: 134 -- temperature (in degrees Fahrenheit) reached on this day in 1913 in Death Valley, California, the hottest peak temperature on U.S. record.
TODAY'S MOON: Between last quarter moon (July 8) and new moon (July 15).