Today is the 183rd day of 2015 and the 12th day of summer.
TODAY'S HISTORY: In 1777, Vermont became the first American territory to abolish slavery.
In 1839, a group of 53 Mende captives revolted and took control of the slave ship Amistad.
In 1881, lawyer Charles Guiteau shot President James Garfield, who died from his wounds ten weeks later.
In 1964, President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Civil Rights Act of 1964, outlawing major forms of discrimination.
In 2002, Steve Fossett completed the first nonstop solo hot air balloon flight around the world.
TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS: Hermann Hesse (1877-1962), author; Thurgood Marshall (1908-1993), Supreme Court justice; Pierre Cardin (1922- ), fashion designer; Medgar Evers (1925-1963), civil rights activist; Richard Petty (1937- ), NASCAR driver; Larry David (1947- ), writer/actor; Jose Canseco (1964- ), baseball player; Johnny Weir (1984- ), figure skater; Lindsay Lohan (1986- ), actress.
TODAY'S FACT: The first zeppelin airship, which made its debut flight over Lake Constance, Germany, on this day in 1900, was 420 feet long and powered by a 16-horsepower engine.
TODAY'S SPORTS: In 2002, the Chicago White Sox defeated the Detroit Tigers by a score of 17-9. Each team hit six home runs, tying the major league record of 12 in a single game, which was set by the same two teams in 1995.
TODAY'S QUOTE: "Youth ends when egotism does; maturity begins when one lives for others." -- Hermann Hesse, "Gertrude"
TODAY'S NUMBER: 11,488 -- Wal-Mart stores (including Walmart U.S., Sam's Club and Walmart International) worldwide, as of March 2015. The first Wal-Mart store opened in Rogers, Arkansas, on this day in 1962.
TODAY'S MOON: Between full moon (July 1) and last quarter moon (July 8).