Today is the 305th day of 2014 and the 41st day of autumn.
TODAY'S HISTORY: In 1800, John Adams became the first president to reside in the newly constructed "President's House" (later named the White House).
In 1848, the Boston Female Medical School, the first medical school for women, opened.
In 1870, the Weather Bureau (later renamed the National Weather Service) made its first meteorological forecast.
In 1993, the Maastricht Treaty went into effect, formally establishing the European Union.
TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS: Stephen Crane (1871-1900), writer; James Kilpatrick (1920-2010), journalist; Gary Player (1935- ), golfer; Lyle Lovett (1957- ), singer-songwriter; Charlie Kaufman (1958- ), screenwriter; Anthony Kiedis (1962- ), singer-songwriter; Toni Collette (1972- ), actress; Jenny McCarthy (1972- ), actress; Logan Marshall-Green (1976- ), actor; Penn Badgley (1986- ), actor.
TODAY'S FACT: John Adams was the only president elected as a member of the Federalist Party.
TODAY'S SPORTS: In 1959, NHL goalie Jacques Plante of the Montreal Canadiens wore the first goalie facemask, which he designed himself.
TODAY'S QUOTE: "It perhaps might be said -- if anyone dared -- that the most worthless literature of the world has been that which has been written by the men of one nation concerning the men of another." -- Stephen Crane
TODAY'S NUMBER: 35 -- percentage of American physicians and surgeons who are women.
TODAY'S MOON: Between first quarter moon (Oct. 30) and full moon (Nov. 6).