Today is the 295th day of 2014 and the 31st day of autumn.
TODAY'S HISTORY: In 1883, the original Metropolitan Opera House opened in New York City with a performance of Charles Gounod's "Faust."
In 1962, President John F. Kennedy announced a naval and air "quarantine" of Cuba in a televised speech, after the discovery of Soviet missiles there.
In 1979, President Jimmy Carter allowed the deposed Shah of Iran to enter the United States for medical treatment.
In 2005, Tropical Storm Alpha was the first Atlantic storm to be designated with a Greek letter, after the annual list of 21 names had been exhausted.
TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS: Franz Liszt (1811-1886), composer; Sarah Bernhardt (1844-1923), actress; Curly Howard (1903-1952), actor/comedian; Timothy Leary (1920-1996), psychologist/author; Christopher Lloyd (1938- ), actor; Annette Funicello (1942-2013), actress/singer; Deepak Chopra (1946- ), physician/author; Jeff Goldblum (1952- ), actor; Bob Odenkirk (1962- ), actor/comedian; Spike Jonze (1969- ), filmmaker; Ichiro Suzuki (1973- ), baseball player; Jesse Tyler Ferguson (1975- ), actor.
TODAY'S FACT: A clandestine operation known as Operation Peter Pan sent more than 14,000 Cuban children to the United States between 1960 and 1962, as parents feared their children would be taken into military schools and labor camps in the wake of the Cuban revolution.
TODAY'S SPORTS: In 2012, Lance Armstrong was formally stripped of his seven Tour de France titles and banned for life from competitive cycling after a U.S. Anti-Doping Agency investigation revealed he had used performance-enhancing drugs.
TODAY'S QUOTE: "The worst curse to befall anyone is stagnation, a banal existence, the quiet desperation that comes out of a need for conformity." -- Deepak Chopra, "The Return of Merlin"
TODAY'S NUMBER: 10 -- consecutive 200-hit seasons (2001-2010) for Ichiro Suzuki of the Seattle Mariners, a Major League Baseball record.
TODAY'S MOON: Between last quarter moon (Oct. 15) and new moon (Oct. 23).