Today is the 275th day of 2014 and the 11th day of autumn.
TODAY'S HISTORY: In 1835, the Texas Revolution began as American settlers battled Mexican troops near the Guadalupe River.
In 1919, President Woodrow Wilson suffered a stroke that left him partially paralyzed.
In 1950, the comic strip "Peanuts" (starring Charlie Brown and Snoopy) debuted in newspapers.
In 1967, Thurgood Marshall was sworn in as the first African-American Supreme Court justice.
In 2002, the first two "Beltway sniper" attacks left one person dead in Montgomery County, Md.
TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS: Nat Turner (1800-1831), slave rebellion leader; Mohandas Gandhi (1869-1948), political/spiritual leader; Cordell Hull (1871-1955), statesman; Groucho Marx (1890-1977), comedian/actor; Bud Abbott (1895-1974), comedian/actor; Graham Greene (1904-1991), novelist; Rex Reed (1938- ), movie critic; Steve Sabol (1942-2012), director/producer; Don McLean (1945- ), singer-songwriter; Sting (1951- ), singer-songwriter; Lorraine Bracco (1954- ), actress; Kelly Ripa (1970- ), actress/TV personality.
TODAY'S FACT: After translating Leo Tolstoy's "Letter to a Hindu," Mohandas Gandhi began a regular correspondence with the novelist that lasted from October 1909 until Tolstoy's death in November 1910.
TODAY'S SPORTS: In 2005, the Arizona Cardinals beat the San Francisco 49ers 31-14 in Mexico City. It was the first regular-season NFL game to take place outside the United States.
TODAY'S QUOTE: "A man is but the product of his thoughts. What he thinks, he becomes." -- Mohandas Gandhi
TODAY'S NUMBER: 17,897 -- number of original "Peanuts" comic strips published between the strip's debut in 1950 and creator Charles Schulz's death in 2000.
TODAY'S MOON: Between first quarter moon (Oct. 1) and full moon (Oct. 8).