Today is the 269th day of 2014 and the fifth day of autumn.
TODAY'S HISTORY: In 1789, Thomas Jefferson was named the first U.S. secretary of state, and John Jay was named the first chief justice of the United States.
In 1960, Vice President Richard Nixon and Democratic Senator John F. Kennedy of Massachusetts met in the first televised presidential debate.
In 1990, the Motion Picture Association of America introduced the NC-17 rating, which was intended to replace the stigmatized X rating for films intended for viewers aged 17 and older.
TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS: Johnny Appleseed (1774-1845), environmentalist; Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936), physiologist; Winsor McCay (1867-1934), animator/cartoonist; T.S. Eliot (1888-1965), writer; George Gershwin (1898-1937), composer; Jack LaLanne (1914-2011), fitness expert; Marty Robbins (1925-1982), singer-songwriter; Olivia Newton-John (1948- ), actress/singer; Linda Hamilton (1956- ), actress; Jim Caviezel (1968- ), actor; Serena Williams (1981- ), tennis player.
TODAY'S FACT: In 1983, Stanislav Petrov, a Soviet military officer stationed at an early warning anti-nuclear center near Moscow, chose not to warn his superiors after correctly surmising that a computer malfunction was to blame for data that showed the United States had just launched a nuclear strike. Petrov's actions have since been credited with preventing global nuclear war.
TODAY'S SPORTS: In 1983, the Royal Perth Yacht Club's Australia II won the America's Cup, becoming the first non-American winner in the cup's 132-year history.
TODAY'S QUOTE: "To do the useful thing, to say the courageous thing, to contemplate the beautiful thing: that is enough for one man's life." -- T.S. Eliot
TODAY'S NUMBER: 2 -- X-rated films ever nominated for the best picture Academy Award. "Midnight Cowboy" is the only X-rated film ever to win the Oscar.
TODAY'S MOON: Between new moon (Sept. 23) and first quarter moon (Oct. 1).