Today is the 251st day of 2014 and the 80th day of summer.
TODAY'S HISTORY: In 1664, New Amsterdam became New York as the Dutch surrendered Manhattan and surrounding land to the British.
In 1900, Galveston, Texas, was struck by a massive hurricane.
In 1966, the "Star Trek" TV series premiered on NBC.
In 1974, President Gerald Ford pardoned former president Richard Nixon for any crimes he might have committed in office.
TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS: Claude Pepper (1900-1989), U.S. senator; Sid Caesar (1922-2014), comedian/actor; Peter Sellers (1925-1980), comedian/actor; Patsy Cline (1932-1963), singer-songwriter; Aimee Mann (1960- ), singer-songwriter; David Arquette (1971- ), actor; Martin Freeman (1971- ), actor; Pink (1979- ), singer-songwriter; Wiz Khalifa (1987- ), rapper; Avicii (1989- ), DJ/record producer.
TODAY'S FACT: More than 8,000 people are estimated to have died in the 1900 Galveston hurricane, making it the deadliest natural disaster in American history.
TODAY'S SPORTS: In 1998, Mark McGwire of the St. Louis Cardinals hit his 62nd home run of the season, breaking the record held by Roger Maris since 1961. In January 2010, McGwire admitted that he used steroids during the 1998 season.
TODAY'S QUOTE: "Criticism should be done by critics, and a critic should have some training and some love of the medium he is discussing. But these days, gossip-columnist training seems to be enough qualification." -- Peter Sellers
TODAY'S NUMBER: 79 -- episodes of the original "Star Trek" series broadcast on NBC until its cancellation in 1969. (The original pilot, titled "The Cage," was not aired.) The franchise has since produced 12 films and five spinoff television series totaling 646 episodes.
TODAY'S MOON: Full moon (Sept. 8).