Today is the 242nd day of 2014 and the 71st day of summer.
TODAY'S HISTORY: In 1945, British forces ended Japan's occupation of Hong Kong.
In 1963, a United States-Soviet diplomatic teletype "hotline," intended to prevent accidental war, was installed.
In 1967, the U.S. Senate confirmed the appointment of Thurgood Marshall as the first African-American Supreme Court justice.
In 1996, Russian and Chechen leaders agreed to a ceasefire, ending the First Chechen war.
TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS: Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley (1797-1851), author; Huey Long (1893-1935), politician; Shirley Booth (1898-1992), actress; Roy Wilkins (1901-1981), civil rights activist; Fred MacMurray (1908-1991), actor; Ted Williams (1918-2002), baseball player; Warren Buffett (1930- ), businessman/philanthropist; Robert Crumb (1943- ), writer/illustrator; Lewis Black (1948- ), comedian; Michael Chiklis (1963- ), actor; Mark Strong (1963- ), actor; Cameron Diaz (1972- ), actress; Andy Roddick (1982- ), tennis player.
TODAY'S FACT: The number of hours Americans spent online increased nearly 100 percent between 2000 and 2010, from 9.4 hours per week to 18.3 hours per week.
TODAY'S SPORTS: In 1905, Ty Cobb made his major league debut for the Detroit Tigers.
TODAY'S QUOTE: "Beware; for I am fearless, and therefore powerful." -- Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley, "Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus"
TODAY'S NUMBER: 32 -- cases Thurgood Marshall had argued before the Supreme Court before he became a justice. He won 29 of them.
TODAY'S MOON: Between new moon (Aug. 25) and first quarter moon (Sept. 2).