Today is the 225th day of 2014 and the 54th day of summer.
TODAY'S HISTORY: In 1521, Hernando Cortes captured the capital of the Aztec empire, Tenochtitlan (later Mexico City), after a three-month siege.
In 1907, the first gasoline-powered taxicab took fares in New York City.
In 1918, 18-year-old Opha Mae Johnson became the first woman to enlist in the U.S. Marine Corps.
In 1961, East German soldiers began constructing a barbed-wire barrier between the eastern and western parts of Berlin.
TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS: Annie Oakley (1860-1926), sharpshooter; Alfred Hitchcock (1899-1980), film director; Ben Hogan (1912-1997), golfer; Fidel Castro (1926- ), former Cuban president; Don Ho (1930-2007), singer; Philippe Petit (1949- ), tightrope walker; Dan Fogelberg (1951-2007), singer-songwriter; Paul Greengrass (1955- ), film director; John Slattery (1962- ), actor; Valerie Plame (1963- ), CIA agent/author; Shani Davis (1982- ), Olympic speed skater.
TODAY'S FACT: Fidel Castro, a 14-year-old boarding school student in 1940, wrote a letter to U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt requesting a $10 bill. The U.S. Embassy in Havana sent a brief thank-you note to Castro in response.
TODAY'S SPORTS: In 1995, Yankees legend Mickey Mantle died of liver cancer at age 63. Mantle's Yankees won the World Series seven times during his career, which lasted from 1951-1968.
TODAY'S QUOTE: "Give them pleasure. The same pleasure they have when they wake up from a nightmare." -- Alfred Hitchcock
TODAY'S NUMBER: 305 -- women who enlisted in the U.S. Marine Corps on this day in 1918, the first day women were allowed to enlist (for office, clerical and secretarial duties).
TODAY'S MOON: Between full moon (Aug. 10) and last quarter moon (Aug. 17).