Today is the 223rd day of 2014 and the 52nd day of summer.
TODAY'S HISTORY: In 1934, the first federal prisoners were incarcerated at the Alcatraz Island prison in San Francisco Bay.
In 1965, rioting began in the Watts district of Los Angeles.
In 1972, the last U.S. ground combat unit left South Vietnam.
In 2003, NATO took over command of peacekeeping forces in Afghanistan.
TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS: David Atchison (1807-1886), legislator; Enid Blyton (1897-1968), children's author; Alex Haley (1921-1992), historian/author; Arlene Dahl (1925- ), actress; Steve Wozniak (1950- ), Apple co-founder; Hulk Hogan (1953- ), wrestler/actor; David Brooks (1961- ), journalist; Viola Davis (1965- ), actress; Joe Rogan (1967- ), actor/comedian; Anna Gunn (1968- ), actress; Chris Kelly (1978-2013), rapper; Chris Hemsworth (1983- ), actor.
TODAY'S FACT: The Mall of America, which opened in Bloomfield, Minnesota, on this day in 1992, cost $650 million to build and generates more than $50 million in taxes for the state each year.
TODAY'S SPORTS: In 1984, Carl Lewis replicated Jesse Owens's 1936 performance at the Summer Olympics by winning his fourth and final gold medal, all in the same track events Owens had won nearly 50 years earlier.
TODAY'S QUOTE: "Either you deal with what is the reality, or you can be sure that the reality is going to deal with you." -- Alex Haley
TODAY'S NUMBER: 1,545 -- federal prisoners interned at Alcatraz during its 28-year use as a prison.
TODAY'S MOON: Between full moon (Aug. 10) and last quarter moon (Aug. 17).