Today is the 221st day of 2014 and the 50th day of summer.
TODAY'S HISTORY: In 1842, the Webster-Ashburton Treaty was signed by the United States and Canada, delineating the eastern section of their shared border.
In 1945, the United States dropped the "Fat Man" nuclear bomb on Nagasaki, Japan.
In 1969, followers of Charles Manson murdered actress Sharon Tate and four others at Tate's Los Angeles home.
In 1974, Gerald Ford was sworn in as the 38th U.S. president following Richard Nixon's resignation.
TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS: John Dryden (1631-1700), poet/dramatist/critic; Rod Laver (1938- ), tennis player; Jonathan Kellerman (1949- ), writer; Whitney Houston (1963-2012), singer; Brett Hull (1964- ), hockey player; Hoda Kotb (1964- ), news anchor; Deion Sanders (1967- ), football and baseball player/sportscaster; Eric Bana (1968- ), actor; Chamique Holdsclaw (1977- ), basketball player; Anna Kendrick (1985- ), actress; Jason Heyward (1989- ), baseball player.
TODAY'S FACT: U.S. Secretary of War Henry Stimson persuaded the Target Committee to take Kyoto, Japan, off the short list of possible nuclear targets during World War II because of its cultural and religious significance to the people of Japan.
TODAY'S SPORTS: In 1988, 27-year-old Wayne Gretzky, already considered among the greatest players in the history of hockey, was traded from the Edmonton Oilers to the Los Angeles Kings.
TODAY'S QUOTE: "Great wits are to madness near allied
/ And thin partitions do their bounds divide." -- John Dryden, "Absalom and Achitophel"
TODAY'S NUMBER: 4 -- gold medals claimed by Jesse Owens at the Berlin Olympics. He won the fourth in the 4x100-meter relay on this day in 1936, becoming the first American to win four track-and-field gold medals in one Olympiad.
TODAY'S MOON: Between first quarter moon (Aug. 3) and full moon (Aug. 10).