Today is the 199th day of 2014 and the 28th day of summer.
TODAY'S HISTORY: In 1863, Union troops led by Col. Robert Gould Shaw and the African-American soldiers in the 54th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry attacked Fort Wagner in South Carolina.
In 1936, Spanish army officials revolted, led by Gen. Francisco Franco, starting the Spanish Civil War.
In 1947, President Harry S. Truman signed the second Presidential Succession Act, designating the speaker of the House and the president pro tempore of the Senate as next in line after the vice president.
In 1968, Intel Corp. was founded in Mountain View, California.
TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS: Red Skelton (1913-1997), actor/comedian; Nelson Mandela (1918-2013), South African president; John Glenn (1921- ), astronaut/U.S. senator; Hunter S. Thompson (1937-2005), journalist; James Brolin (1940- ), actor; Joe Torre (1940- ), baseball player/manager; Steve Forbes (1947- ), publisher; Richard Branson (1950- ), entrepreneur; Vin Diesel (1967- ), actor; Kristen Bell (1980- ), actress.
TODAY'S FACT: Adolf Hitler published his manifesto, "Mein Kampf," on this day in 1925.
TODAY'S SPORTS: In 1976, Nadia Comaneci of Romania became the first female gymnast to be awarded a perfect 10 score in an Olympic gymnastics event.
TODAY'S QUOTE: "A leader ... is like a shepherd. He stays behind the flock, letting the most nimble go out ahead, whereupon the others follow, not realizing that all along they are being directed from behind." -- Nelson Mandela
TODAY'S NUMBER: 153 -- height (in feet) of the tower from which the late Hunter S. Thompson's ashes were launched by cannon, mixed with fireworks, in a private ceremony.
TODAY'S MOON: Last quarter (July 18).