Today is the 344th day of 2012 and the 79th day of autumn.
TODAY'S HISTORY: In 1867, the capital of the Colorado Territory was moved from Golden to Denver.
In 1872, Pinkney Benton Stewart Pinchback became the first black governor in the United States when he was named acting governor of Louisiana.
In 1968, Douglas Engelbart demonstrated the first computer system to use hypertext links and a mouse.
In 1979, the World Health Organization certified that smallpox had been eradicated.
TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS: John Milton (1608-1674), poet; Emmett Kelly (1898-1979), clown; Jean de Brunhoff (1899-1937), author; Thomas P. "Tip" O'Neill (1912-1994), politician; Kirk Douglas (1916- ), actor; Redd Foxx (1922-1991), comedian; Judi Dench (1934- ), actress; Dick Butkus (1942- ), football player; Donny Osmond (1957- ), singer; Felicity Huffman (1962- ), actress; Simon Helberg (1980- ), actor.
TODAY'S SPORTS: In 1934, the New York Giants exchanged their cleats for sneakers during the third quarter, then outmaneuvered the Chicago Bears on a frozen field to turn a 13-3 deficit into a 30-13 victory.
TODAY'S FACT: After Pinkney Benton Stewart Pinchback was appointed acting governor of Louisiana, it would be more than a hundred years before the first black elected governor, Lawrence Douglas Wilder of Virginia, took office, in 1990.
TODAY'S QUOTE: "Men of most renowned virtue have sometimes by transgressing most truly kept the law." -- John Milton
TODAY'S NUMBER: 7 -- number of classic children's books about Babar the elephant written and illustrated by Jean de Brunhoff. He died of tuberculosis at age 37 and his son Laurent continued the series.
TODAY'S MOON: Between last quarter moon (Dec. 6) and new moon (Dec. 13).