Today is the 337th day of 2012 and the 72nd day of autumn.
TODAY'S HISTORY: In 1927, Ford Motor Co. introduced the new Model A.
In 1942, a team led by Enrico Fermi engineered the first controlled nuclear fission chain reaction under the stands of the University of Chicago's Stagg Field.
In 1970, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency was established.
In 1988, Benazir Bhutto was sworn in as prime minister of Pakistan, becoming the first female leader of an Islamic nation.
TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS: Georges Seurat (1859-1891), painter; Maria Callas (1923-1977), opera singer; Harry Reid (1939- ), Senate majority leader; Gianni Versace (1946-1997), fashion designer; Ann Patchett (1963- ), writer; Lucy Liu (1968- ), actress; Monica Seles (1973- ), tennis player; Britney Spears (1981- ), singer.
TODAY'S SPORTS: In 1967, Hall of Fame center Wilt Chamberlain of the Philadelphia 76ers set an NBA record for missed free throws in a single game, missing 22 in a 133-109 win over the Seattle SuperSonics.
TODAY'S FACT: The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency employed a workforce of 17,278 in 2010.
TODAY'S QUOTE: "Any customer can have a car painted any color that he wants so long as it is black." -- Henry Ford
TODAY'S NUMBER: 112 -- days Barney Clark, the recipient of the first artificial heart, lived after it was implanted on this day in 1982.
TODAY'S MOON: Between full moon (Nov. 28) and last quarter (Dec. 6).