Today is the 308th day of 2012 and the 43rd day of autumn.
TODAY'S HISTORY: In 1957, the Soviet Union launched Sputnik 2 carrying a dog named Laika, the first creature to be sent into orbit.
In 1971, the first edition of the UNIX operating system's program manual was published.
In 1992, Democrat Bill Clinton defeated incumbent Republican George Bush and independent candidate Ross Perot to win the White House.
TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS: Walker Evans (1903-1975), photographer; Charles Bronson (1921-2003), actor; Michael Dukakis (1933- ), politician; Anna Wintour (1949- ), fashion journalist; Roseanne Barr (1952- ), comedian/actress; Dennis Miller (1953- ), comedian; Phil Simms (1955- ), football player/sportscaster; Evgeni Plushenko (1982- ), figure skater.
TODAY'S SPORTS: In 1990, quarterbacks David Klingler of Houston and Matt Vogler of Texas Christian University achieved a combined 80 completions and 12 touchdowns in Houston's 56-35 win.
TODAY'S FACT: Though he didn't receive a single electoral vote, third-party candidate Ross Perot won a substantial portion (18.9 percent) of the popular vote nationally in 1992.
TODAY'S QUOTE: "Democracy is the recurrent suspicion that more than half of the people are right more than half the time." -- E.B. White
TODAY'S NUMBER: 162 -- days Sputnik 2 was in orbit. Laika, its canine passenger, died within hours of the launch due to overheating.
TODAY'S MOON: Between full moon (Oct. 29) and last quarter (Nov. 6).