Today is the 307th day of 2012 and the 42nd day of autumn.
TODAY'S HISTORY: In 1962, President John F. Kennedy announced that Cuban missile bases were being dismantled, ending a crisis that had threatened war.
In 1983, President Ronald Reagan signed legislation making the third Monday of January a federal holiday marking the birth of Martin Luther King Jr.
In 2000, the first permanent crew arrived at the International Space Station.
TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS: Marie Antoinette (1755-1793), queen of France; James Polk (1795-1849), 11th U.S. president; Warren G. Harding (1865-1923), 29th U.S. president; Burt Lancaster (1913-1994), actor; Steve Ditko (1927- ), comic-book artist/writer; Pat Buchanan (1938- ), political commentator; k.d. lang (1961- ), singer; David Schwimmer (1966- ), actor; Nelly (1974- ), rapper.
TODAY'S SPORTS: In 1991, down 49-14 in the third quarter against Weber State, the Nevada Wolf Pack football team scored 41 points, winning 55-49 and setting the record for the biggest comeback in NCAA history.
TODAY'S FACT: Jimmy Carter, elected president on this day in 1976, was the first U.S. president from the Deep South since before the Civil War.
TODAY'S QUOTE: "The food that enters the mind must be watched as closely as the food that enters the body." -- Pat Buchanan
TODAY'S NUMBER: 14 -- age at which Archduchess Maria Antonia of Austria married French King Louis XVI and became Marie Antoinette, Dauphine of France.
TODAY'S MOON: Between full moon (Oct. 29) and last quarter (Nov. 6).