Today is the 306th day of 2012 and the 41st day of autumn.
TODAY'S HISTORY: In 1800, John Adams became the first president of the United States to reside in the Executive Mansion (later named the White House).
In 1848, the Boston Female Medical School, the first medical school for women, opened.
In 1993, the Maastricht Treaty went into effect, formally establishing the European Union.
TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS: Stephen Crane (1871-1900), writer; James Kilpatrick (1920-2010), journalist; Gary Player (1935- ), golfer; Lyle Lovett (1957- ), singer; Charlie Kaufman (1958- ), screenwriter; Anthony Kiedis (1962- ), musician; Toni Collette (1972- ), actress; Jenny McCarthy (1972- ), actress; Penn Badgley (1986- ), actor.
TODAY'S SPORTS: In 1959, NHL goalie Jacques Plantes of the Montreal Canadiens wore the first goalie facemask, which he designed himself.
TODAY'S FACT: John Adams was the only president elected as a member of the Federalist Party.
TODAY'S QUOTE: "It's harder to write songs when you're happy than it is when you're miserable. Who wants to hear how happy you are?" -- Lyle Lovett
TODAY'S NUMBER: 28 -- percentage of American physicians who are women.
TODAY'S MOON: Between full moon (Oct. 29) and last quarter (Nov. 6).