Today is the 301st day of 2012 and the 36th day of autumn.
TODAY'S HISTORY: In 1787, the first of the Federalist Papers appeared in a New York City newspaper.
In 1904, the first New York City subway line began operating.
In 1954, Marilyn Monroe and Joe DiMaggio divorced.
In 2005, after three weeks of criticism, Harriet Miers withdrew her nomination to the U.S. Supreme Court.
TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS: James Cook (1728-1779), sea captain/explorer; Theodore Roosevelt (1858-1919), 26th U.S. president; Dylan Thomas (1914-1953), poet/playwright; Roy Lichtenstein (1923-1997), artist; Ruby Dee (1924- ), actress; Sylvia Plath (1932-1963), poet; John Cleese (1939- ), actor/writer; Carrie Snodgress (1946-2004), actress; Fran Lebowitz (1950- ), columnist; Roberto Benigni (1952- ), director/actor; Matt Drudge (1966- ), journalist.
TODAY'S SPORTS: In 2004, the Boston Red Sox won the World Series for the first time since 1918.
TODAY'S FACT: Along with the discovery of New Zealand, James Cook is known for keeping the crews of his ships remarkably healthy. Cook enforced a policy of cleanliness and diet to prevent scurvy.
TODAY'S QUOTE: "Far and away the best prize that life has to offer is the chance to work hard at work worth doing." -- Theodore Roosevelt
TODAY'S NUMBER: 5 -- number of subway systems worldwide that carry more passengers than New York City's subway does (Tokyo, Moscow, Seoul, Shanghai and Beijing).
TODAY'S MOON: Between first quarter (Oct. 21) and full moon (Oct. 29).