Today is the 291st day of 2012 and the 26th day of autumn.
TODAY'S HISTORY: In 1931, Al Capone was convicted of income tax evasion and sentenced to 11 years in prison.
In 1933, German refugee Albert Einstein immigrated to the United States, where he would live and work for the rest of his life.
In 1989, the strongest earthquake in the United States since 1906 rocked Northern California, killing more than 60 people.
In 2006, the U.S. population topped 300 million for the first time.
TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS: Jean Arthur (1900-1991), actress; Arthur Miller (1915-2005), playwright/novelist; Rita Hayworth (1918-1987), actress; Beverly Garland (1926-2008), actress; Evel Knievel (1938-2007), stunt performer; Michael McKean (1947- ), actor; Mae Jemison (1956- ), scientist/astronaut; Mike Judge (1962- ), animator/writer/director; Ziggy Marley (1968- ), musician; Ernie Els (1969- ), golfer; Wyclef Jean (1969- ), singer; Eminem (1972- ), rapper.
TODAY'S SPORTS: In 1968, American Olympic sprinters Tommie Smith and John Carlos were forced to return their medals for raising their fists in protest against racial discrimination during the victory ceremony.
TODAY'S FACT: In 1952, Albert Einstein was offered the post of Israeli president, which he politely declined.
TODAY'S QUOTE: "Maybe all one can do is hope to end up with the right regrets." -- Arthur Miller
TODAY'S NUMBER: 32 -- U.S. state names that end in a vowel rather than a consonant.
TODAY'S MOON: Between new moon (Oct. 15) and first quarter (Oct. 21).