Today is the 288th day of 2012 and the 23rd day of autumn.
TODAY'S HISTORY: In 1912, Theodore Roosevelt was shot in the chest and went on to deliver a campaign speech in Milwaukee.
In 1964, Martin Luther King Jr. was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his civil rights leadership.
In 1994, Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for the Oslo accords.
TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS: Dwight D. Eisenhower (1890-1969), U.S. president/general; Lillian Gish (1893-1993), actress; E.E. Cummings (1894-1962), poet; C. Everett Koop (1916- ), U.S. surgeon general; Roger Moore (1927- ), actor; Ralph Lauren (1939- ), fashion designer; Harry Anderson (1952- ), actor; Joe Girardi (1964- ), baseball player/manager; Natalie Maines (1974- ), singer; Usher (1978- ), singer; Mia Wasikowska (1989- ), actress.
TODAY'S SPORTS: In 1908, the Chicago Cubs won the World Series (against the Detroit Tigers) for the last time in the 20th century.
TODAY'S FACT: Eight Major League Baseball teams have never won a World Series: the Colorado Rockies, Houston Astros, Milwaukee Brewers, San Diego Padres, Seattle Mariners, Tampa Bay Rays, Texas Rangers and Washington Nationals.
TODAY'S QUOTE: "A people that values its privileges above its principles soon loses both." -- Dwight D. Eisenhower
TODAY'S NUMBER: 5 -- years Mohandas Gandhi of India was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize, which was never awarded to him.
TODAY'S MOON: Between last quarter (Oct. 8) and new moon (Oct. 15).