Today is the 252nd day of 2012 and the 81st day of summer.
TODAY'S HISTORY: In 1664, New Amsterdam became New York as the Dutch surrendered Manhattan and surrounding land to the British.
In 1900, Galveston, Texas, was struck by a massive hurricane.
In 1966, the "Star Trek" TV series premiered on NBC.
In 1974, President Gerald Ford pardoned former president Richard Nixon for any crimes he might have committed before resigning.
TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS: Claude Pepper (1900-1989), U.S. senator; Sid Caesar (1922- ), comedian/actor; Peter Sellers (1925-1980) comedian/actor; Patsy Cline (1932-1963), singer; Aimee Mann (1960- ), musician; David Arquette (1971- ), actor; Pink (1979- ), singer.
TODAY'S SPORTS: In 1998, Mark McGwire broke Roger Maris' 1961 season home-run record by hitting his 62nd of the year.
TODAY'S FACT: More than 8,000 people are estimated to have died in the 1900 Galveston hurricane, making it the deadliest natural disaster in American history to date.
TODAY'S QUOTE: "A man is not finished when he is defeated. He is finished when he quits." -- Richard Nixon
TODAY'S NUMBER: 8,244,910 -- population of New York City, formerly New Amsterdam, in 2011.
TODAY'S MOON: Last quarter moon (Sept. 8).