Today is the 251st day of 2012 and the 80th day of summer.
TODAY'S HISTORY: In 1822, Brazil declared independence from Portugal.
In 1927, inventor Philo T. Farnsworth transmitted the first image by electronic means, an innovation that would eventually enable broadcast television.
In 1979, cable sports network ESPN was launched. The first show it aired was "SportsCenter."
TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS: Queen Elizabeth I (1533-1603), British monarch; Grandma (Anna Mary) Moses (1860-1961), artist; Elia Kazan (1909-2003), director; Jacob Lawrence (1917-2000), artist; Buddy Holly (1936-1959), musician; Gloria Gaynor (1949- ), singer; Chrissie Hynde (1951- ), singer/songwriter; Julie Kavner (1950- ), actress; Evan Rachel Wood (1987- ), actress.
TODAY'S SPORTS: In 1963, the Pro Football Hall of Fame was dedicated in Canton, Ohio.
TODAY'S FACT: Philo T. Farnsworth was the first to produce a televised image in 1927, but Vladimir Zworykin, who was developing the same technology for Westinghouse, was the first to obtain the patent.
TODAY'S QUOTE: "I have already joined myself in marriage to a husband, namely the kingdom of England." -- Queen Elizabeth I
TODAY'S NUMBER: 205.7 million -- population of Brazil in 2012. The 2012 population of Portugal was 10.8 million.
TODAY'S MOON: Between full moon (Aug. 31) and last quarter (Sept. 8).