Today is the 236th day of 2012 and the 65th day of summer.
TODAY'S HISTORY: In 1775, England's King George III described the American colonies as being in a state of "open and avowed rebellion."
In 1927, Italian anarchists Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti were executed in Charlestown, Mass., despite worldwide protests of their innocence.
In 1939, Germany's Adolf Hitler and the Soviet Union's Joseph Stalin signed a nonaggression pact.
TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS: Edgar Lee Masters (1868-1950), writer; Gene Kelly (1912-1996), actor/dancer; Vera Miles (1929- ), actress; Barbara Eden (1934- ), actress; Shelley Long (1949- ), actress; Rick Springfield (1949- ), singer/musician; Kobe Bryant (1978- ), basketball player.
TODAY'S SPORTS: In 1969, Taiwan won its first Little League World Series. The nation went on to win nine more titles in the next 12 years.
TODAY'S FACT: In 1977, 50 years after the execution of Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti, Massachusetts Gov. Michael Dukakis issued a proclamation stating that their trial had been "permeated by prejudice against foreigners and hostility toward unorthodox political views," and that "any stigma and disgrace shall be forever removed from their names."
TODAY'S QUOTE: "It takes life to love Life." -- Edgar Lee Masters
TODAY'S NUMBER: 22 -- listings with the surname Hitler in the New York City phone book prior to World War II. None were listed there when the war ended.
TODAY'S MOON: Between new moon (Aug. 17) and first quarter moon (Aug. 24).