Today is the 233rd day of 2012 and the 62nd day of summer.
TODAY'S HISTORY: In 1911, the first around-the-world telegram was sent, traveling 28,000 miles in 16.5 minutes.
In 1964, President Lyndon Johnson signed the Economic Opportunity Act of 1964, allocating nearly $1 billion in an unprecedented anti-poverty measure.
In 1977, the United States launched Voyager 2, an unmanned satellite intended to relay data and photographs of planets.
In 1998, the United States attacked suspected terrorist bases in Sudan in retaliation for U.S. embassy bombings earlier in the month.
TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS: Benjamin Harrison (1833-1901), 23rd U.S. president; H.P. Lovecraft (1890-1937), writer; Al Lopez (1908-2005), baseball player/manager; Eero Saarinen (1910-1961), architect; Connie Chung (1946- ), journalist; Robert Plant (1948- ), rock singer; Al Roker (1954- ), TV personality; Joan Allen (1956- ), actress; Amy Adams (1974- ), actress; Demi Lovato (1992- ), actress.
TODAY'S SPORTS: In 1920, the American Professional Football Conference (later the APFA, the forerunner of the modern NFL) was founded in Canton, Ohio.
TODAY'S FACT: Before entering politics, President Lyndon Johnson taught public speaking and debate at a high school in Houston.
TODAY'S QUOTE: "The oldest and strongest emotion of mankind is fear, and the oldest and strongest kind of fear is fear of the unknown." -- H.P. Lovecraft
TODAY'S NUMBER: 55 -- languages in which greetings, along with nature sounds and music samples, were encoded on a 12-inch, gold-plated copper phonograph record that was launched into space aboard the Voyager 2 in 1977.
TODAY'S MOON: Between new moon (Aug. 17) and first quarter moon (Aug. 24).