Today is the 231st day of 2012 and the 60th day of summer.
TODAY'S HISTORY: In 1920, the 19th Amendment to the U.S. constitution was ratified, extending the right to vote to women.
In 1958, Vladimir Nabokov's controversial novel "Lolita" was published in the United States.
In 1964, in response to its policy of apartheid, South Africa was banned from participating in the Olympic Games.
In 2008, Pakistan's President Pervez Musharraf resigned under threat of impeachment.
TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS: Meriwether Lewis (1774-1809), explorer; Shelley Winters (1922-2006), actress; Rosalynn Carter (1927- ), first lady; Roberto Clemente (1934-1972), baseball player; Roman Polanski (1933- ), filmmaker; Robert Redford (1936- ), actor/director; Patrick Swayze (1952-2009), actor; Edward Norton (1969- ), actor/director; Christian Slater (1969- ), actor; Andy Samberg (1978- ), actor/comedian.
TODAY'S SPORTS: In 1992, Larry Bird announced his retirement from the NBA after 13 seasons.
TODAY'S FACT: A greater percentage of women than men now vote in most U.S. elections: in 2008, 55.7 percent of men reported voting, compared to 60.4 percent of women.
TODAY'S QUOTE: "To throw obstacles in the way of a complete education is like putting out the eyes." -- Elizabeth Cady Stanton
TODAY'S NUMBER: 300,000 -- copies of Vladimir Nabokov's "Lolita" that were sold in the first three weeks after its U.S. publication.
TODAY'S MOON: Between new moon (Aug. 17) and first quarter moon (Aug. 24).