Today is the 227th day of 2012 and the 56th day of summer.
TODAY'S HISTORY: In 1935, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the Social Security Act, fulfilling a 1932 campaign promise.
In 1945, President Harry Truman announced Japan's unconditional surrender and the end to World War II.
In 2003, 50 million people in the northeastern United States and Canada lost power in one of the largest blackouts in U.S. history.
TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS: Steve Martin (1945- ), comedian/actor/writer; Danielle Steel (1947- ), novelist; Gary Larson (1950- ), cartoonist; James Horner (1953- ), composer; Earvin "Magic" Johnson (1959- ), basketball player/businessman; Halle Berry (1966- ), actress; Mila Kunis (1983- ), actress; Tim Tebow (1987- ), football player.
TODAY'S SPORTS: In 2007, Braves manager Bobby Cox was ejected from his 132nd major league game, passing the record previously set by John McGraw.
TODAY'S FACT: The New York Times reported in 1945 that an estimated 2 million people flooded New York City's Times Square following the announcement of Japanese surrender in World War II.
TODAY'S QUOTE: "I believe that entertainment can aspire to be art, and can become art, but if you set out to make art you're an idiot." -- Steve Martin
TODAY'S NUMBER: 12 -- NBA All-Star game appearances by Magic Johnson.
TODAY'S MOON: Between last quarter moon (Aug. 9) and new moon (Aug. 17).