Today is the 210th day of 2012 and the 39th day of summer.
TODAY'S HISTORY: In 1868, the 14th Amendment to the Constitution was ratified, guaranteeing full citizenship rights to African-Americans and due process of law to all citizens.
In 1914, World War I began when Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia.
In 1932, the Bonus Army -- unemployed World War I veterans demanding their bonus payments in full -- was evicted from government property in Washington, D.C.
In 2005, the Irish Republican Army renounced violence as a political tactic and ordered its units to disarm and cease all terrorist activities.
TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS: Beatrix Potter (1866-1943), children's author/illustrator; Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis (1929-1994), first lady; Bill Bradley (1943- ), basketball player/U.S. senator; Jim Davis (1945- ), cartoonist; Sally Struthers (1948- ), actress; Hugo Chavez (1954- ), Venezuelan president; Scott Pelley (1957- ), TV journalist.
TODAY'S SPORTS: In 1989, Vince Coleman's base-stealing streak ended at 50. The Cardinal outfielder's record-setting streak included six steals from the 1988 season.
TODAY'S FACT: Jacqueline Kennedy was the first first lady who was born in a hospital.
TODAY'S QUOTE: "Way down deep, we're all motivated by the same urges. Cats have the courage to live by them." -- Jim Davis
TODAY'S NUMBER: 9,217 -- points scored by Bill Bradley during his Hall of Fame professional basketball career.
TODAY'S MOON: Between first quarter moon (July 26) and full moon (August 1).