Today is the 205th day of 2012 and the 34th day of summer.
TODAY'S HISTORY: In 1952, Gamal Abdel Nasser led a military coup that overthrew King Farouk I of Egypt.
In 1967, riots erupted in Detroit. Over the next five days, 43 people died, hundreds were injured and more than 2,000 buildings were burned to the ground.
In 1999, with the launch of Columbia, Eileen Collins became the first woman to command a U.S. shuttle flight.
TODAY'S BIRTHDAY: Haile Selassie (1892-1975), Ethiopian emperor; Anthony M. Kennedy (1936- ), Supreme Court justice; Don Imus (1940- ), radio personality; Woody Harrelson (1961- ), actor; Slash (Saul Hudson) (1965- ), musician; Philip Seymour Hoffman (1967- ), actor; Alison Krauss (1971- ), musician/singer; Daniel Radcliffe (1989- ), actor.
TODAY'S SPORTS: In 1996, injured American gymnast Kerri Strug scored a 9.7 on the vault as the U.S. won its first-ever gold medal in the women's team gymnastics competition.
TODAY'S FACT: Comet Hale-Bopp, discovered on this day in 1995, was visible to the naked eye for a record 18 months, from May 1996 to December 1997. The previous record holder, the Great Comet of 1811, was visible for about nine months.
TODAY'S QUOTE: "We must never lose sight of the fact that the law has a moral foundation, and we must never fail to ask ourselves not only what the law is, but what the law should be." -- Anthony M. Kennedy
TODAY'S NUMBER: 27 -- Grammy Awards won by bluegrass musician Alison Krauss during her career -- including six awards for a 2007 collaboration with Robert Plant -- more than any other female artist.
TODAY'S MOON: Between new moon (July 19) and first quarter moon (July 26).