Today is the 202nd day of 2012 and the 31st day of summer.
TODAY'S HISTORY: In 1881, Sioux Chief Sitting Bull surrendered to federal troops.
In 1944, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt won the Democratic presidential nomination for the fourth and final time.
In 1969, Neil Armstrong, commander of Apollo 11, became the first person to set foot on the moon, followed by Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin.
In 1976, Viking 1 landed on Mars and transmitted the first photos of the planet's surface.
TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS: Petrarch (Francesco Petrarca) (1304-1374), poet; Sir Edmund Hillary (1919-2008), explorer/mountaineer; Cormac McCarthy (1933- ), writer; Natalie Wood (1938-1981), actress; Carlos Santana (1947- ), musician; Gisele Bundchen (1980- ), model; Julianne Hough (1988- ), dancer/singer.
TODAY'S SPORTS: In 1976, Hank Aaron of the Milwaukee Brewers hit his record 755th and final home run in a 6-2 win over the California Angels.
TODAY'S FACT: The British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA) honored Neil Armstrong and associates with its Best Foreign Television Award in 1969 for their telecast from the moon.
TODAY'S QUOTE: "Books have led some to learning, and others to madness, when they swallow more than they can digest." -- Petrarch
TODAY'S NUMBER: 29,029 -- official elevation (in feet) of the Mount Everest summit, according to China and Nepal. Other sources recognize an official elevation of 29,035 feet.
TODAY'S MOON: Between new moon (July 19) and first quarter moon (July 26).