Today is the 200th day of 2012 and the 29th day of summer.
TODAY'S HISTORY: In 1863, Union troops attacked Fort Wagner in South Carolina, led by Col. Robert Gould Shaw and the African-American soldiers in the 54th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry.
In 1925, Adolf Hitler published his manifesto, Mein Kampf.
In 1936, Spanish army officials revolted, led by Gen. Francisco Franco, starting the Spanish Civil War.
In 1947, President Harry S. Truman signed the Presidential Succession Act, designating the speaker of the House and the president pro tempore of the Senate as next in line after the vice president.
TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS: Nelson Mandela (1918- ), South African president; John Glenn (1921- ), astronaut/U.S. senator; Hunter S. Thompson (1937-2005), journalist; James Brolin (1940- ), actor; Joe Torre (1940- ), baseball player/manager; Steve Forbes (1947- ), publisher; Sir Richard Branson (1950- ), entrepreneur; Vin Diesel (1967- ), actor; Torii Hunter (1975- ), baseball player; Kristen Bell (1980- ), actress.
TODAY'S SPORTS: In 1999, New York Yankee David Cone pitched the 14th perfect game in Major League Baseball's modern era (1900 to present).
TODAY'S FACT: Nelson Mandela and Oliver Tambo opened the first black-owned South African law practice in 1952.
TODAY'S QUOTE: "Absolute truth is a very rare and dangerous commodity in the context of professional journalism." -- Hunter S. Thompson
TODAY'S NUMBER: 153 -- height (in feet) of the tower from which the late Hunter S. Thompson's ashes were launched by cannon, mixed with fireworks, in a private ceremony.
TODAY'S MOON: Between last quarter moon (July 10) and new moon (July 19).