Today is the 199th day of 2012 and the 28th day of summer.
TODAY'S HISTORY: In 1815, Napoleon Bonaparte made his final surrender to Britain aboard the HMS Bellerophon, 27 days after his defeat at Waterloo.
In 1945, President Harry S. Truman, Soviet Premier Josef Stalin and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill met to discuss postwar Europe and the ongoing war in the Pacific, as the Potsdam Conference began in Germany.
In 1955, Disneyland opened in Anaheim, Calif.
In 1975, a U.S. Apollo spacecraft docked with a Soviet Soyuz spacecraft and astronauts from both countries held the first international meeting in space.
TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS: James Cagney (1899-1986), actor; Phyllis Diller (1917- ), comedian/actress; Diahann Carroll (1935- ), actress; Donald Sutherland (1935- ), actor; David Hasselhoff (1952- ), actor; Angela Merkel (1954- ), German chancellor.
TODAY'S SPORTS: In 1941, Joe DiMaggio's record hitting-streak ended at 56 games as he went hitless in a 4-3 Yankee victory over the Cleveland Indians.
TODAY'S FACT: On Disneyland's opening day, everything that could go wrong did: Power went out, wet paint ruined people's clothes, rides malfunctioned, eateries ran out of food, and many visitors found their shoes getting stuck in wet asphalt.
TODAY'S QUOTE: "All our dreams can come true, if we have the courage to pursue them." -- Walt Disney
TODAY'S NUMBER: 4 -- days after the conclusion of the Potsdam Conference that the United States dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan.
TODAY'S MOON: Between last quarter moon (July 10) and new moon (July 19).