Today is the 198th day of 2012 and the 27th day of summer.
TODAY'S HISTORY: In 1790, President George Washington signed legislation designating the District of Columbia as the permanent capital of the United States.
In 1918, abdicated czar Nicholas II and his family were executed at Yekaterinburg, Russia.
In 1951, J.D. Salinger's "The Catcher in the Rye" was published.
In 1979, Saddam Hussein became the president of Iraq.
TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS: Andrea del Sarto (1486-1530), painter; Roald Amundsen (1872-1928), explorer; Barbara Stanwyck (1907-1990), actress; Ginger Rogers (1911-1995), dancer/actress; Tony Kushner (1956- ), playwright; Will Ferrell (1967- ), actor; Barry Sanders (1968- ), football player.
TODAY'S SPORTS: In 1932, Babe Didrikson singlehandedly won the Amateur Athletic Union's national women's team championship as the sole representative of Employers Casualty Co. of Dallas. She competed in eight of the 10 track and field events and set four world records over the course of the competition.
TODAY'S FACT: The world's first parking meter, installed on this day in 1935 in Oklahoma City, charged 5 cents per hour.
TODAY'S QUOTE: "When two people love each other, they don't look at each other; they look in the same direction." -- Ginger Rogers
TODAY'S NUMBER: 2 -- cities in which the U.S. Senate met formally before settling permanently in Washington, D.C., in 1800. The Senate convened in New York City from 1789 to 1790 and in Philadelphia from 1790 to 1800.
TODAY'S MOON: Between last quarter moon (July 10) and new moon (July 19).