Today is the 194th day of 2012 and the 23rd day of summer.
TODAY'S HISTORY: In 1871, rioting between Irish Catholics and Protestants in New York City left more than 50 dead.
In 1984, Democratic Rep. Geraldine Ferraro of New York became the first woman vice presidential candidate on a major party ticket.
In 2006, Hezbollah guerrillas raided northern Israel, marking the beginning of a 33-day conflict.
TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS: Henry David Thoreau (1817-1862), author/philosopher; George Washington Carver (1864-1943), scientist; Oscar Hammerstein II (1895-1960), lyricist; Buckminster Fuller (1895-1983), scientist/inventor; Pablo Neruda (1904-1973), poet; Milton Berle (1908-2002), comedian; Bill Cosby (1937- ), comedian/actor; Richard Simmons (1948- ), fitness trainer; Topher Grace (1978- ), actor; Michelle Rodriguez (1978- ), actress.
TODAY'S SPORTS: In 1979, the Chicago White Sox's Disco Demolition Night promotion caused the team to forfeit the second game of a doubleheader against the Detroit Tigers after unruly fans rushed the field.
TODAY'S FACT: George Washington Carver's "How to Grow the Peanut and 105 Ways of Preparing It for Human Consumption" included recipes for peanut bisque, peanut coffee and peanut sausage.
TODAY'S QUOTE: "A man is rich in proportion to the number of things he can afford to let alone." -- Henry David Thoreau
TODAY'S NUMBER: 270 -- stacked height (in feet) of Buckminster Fuller's "Dymaxion Chronofile," a systematic record of personal notes and ephemera that he kept from 1920 until his death.
TODAY'S MOON: Between last quarter moon (July 10) and new moon (July 19).