Today is the 193rd day of 2012 and the 22nd day of summer.
TODAY'S HISTORY: In 1533, Pope Clement VII excommunicated King Henry VIII of England.
In 1798, an act of the U.S. Congress re-created the Marine Corps, which had been disbanded after the Revolutionary War.
In 1804, Alexander Hamilton was fatally wounded in a duel with Aaron Burr.
In 1987, the United Nations estimated that the world's population had reached 5 billion.
TODAY'S BIRTHDAYS: John Quincy Adams (1767-1848), sixth U.S. president; E.B. White (1899-1985), writer; Yul Brynner (1920-1985), actor; Tab Hunter (1931- ), actor; Giorgio Armani (1934- ), fashion designer; Suzanne Vega (1959- ), singer; Lil' Kim (1975- ), rapper.
TODAY'S SPORTS: In 1985, during a 4-3 victory over the New York Mets, Houston Astros pitcher Nolan Ryan became the first major league pitcher to record 4,000 career strikeouts.
TODAY'S FACT: The Weehawken, N.J., site where Alexander Hamilton dueled with Aaron Burr was the site of at least 18 other recorded duels between 1700 and 1845.
TODAY'S QUOTE: "I arise in the morning torn between a desire to improve (or save) the world and a desire to enjoy (or savor) the world. This makes it hard to plan the day." -- E.B. White
TODAY'S NUMBER: 19.2 -- the percentage of Air Force active-duty personnel who were women in 2010, a larger proportion than any other branch of the military.
TODAY'S MOON: Between last quarter moon (July 10) and new moon (July 19).